In many a developing u . S ., 25 to 50% of the full grain value is lost among the harvest and intake, particularly because of bad storage strategies, farm stage wastage, and processing. This results in lower incomes for farmers and higher expenses for buyers. Further, there’s a stress on farmers to boom the production tiers to gain better rice yields and that they come to be the use of more land and fertilizers causing mass harm to the herbal resources. This article objectives at coaching you the way to limit grain losses and preserve rice quality for longer storage periods.
Step 1: Post production management
Post production control is all approximately how to deal with the rice; from the time it’s harvested to the time it’s offered. Various techniques inclusive of slicing, hauling, cleaning and advertising and marketing the rice, and many others. Are concerned. It’s in particular essential as it prevents both qualitative and quantitative loss and with a negative submit manufacturing management, you are susceptible to dropping as lots as 50% of your overall yield.
Step 2: Harvesting
This is sincerely a manner of accumulating the mature crop from the field; in our case, rice. Harvesting begins with cutting the crop and ends after it’s been prepared to dry. It involves:
– Field drying
– Packing (to send it in addition for drying)
Harvesting at the best time ensures which you get the most yield, diminishing quality degeneration. There are, however, sure bodily losses one has to stand at some point of the harvesting operations. These are loosely based on the operations and equipment used all through harvesting. These losses:
– Occur throughout slicing
– Occur all through threshing and
– Occur at some point of grain handlings
To minimize, it’s critical which you degree losses at each operation of harvesting and work upon it.
Step three: Drying
The most essential operation once thru the harvest, drying reduces the grain’s moisture content to a safe degree perfect for storing it for longer intervals. Moisture weighted down grain is susceptible to discolouration, improvement of molds and pest infestation. It also reduces the seed’s rate of germination, thus diminishing the overall grain excellent. It happens when you:
– Wait too long before you begin drying
– Don’t dry it lengthy sufficient, some thing be your purpose
– Wrong strategies
Ideally, you must start drying inside 24 hours after the harvest. The grains should be dried right down to distinct Moisture Content (MC) for specific purposes.
– 14% or much less MC for storing up to a few months
– thirteen% or much less MC to keep for 8 to 365 days
– 9% or less for storing extra than a yr